The Human Rights Tribunal consists of at least seven members appointed by the government, namely a president chosen from among the judges of the Court of Québec and six assessors. The term of office of the president and of the assessors is five years, and is renewable (section 101). The Government may designate other judges from that court to sit as members of the Tribunal either to hear and decide an application or for a determined period (section 103). All members, judges and assessors, are chosen for their notable experience and expertise in, sensitivity to and interest for matters of human rights and freedoms. They are governed, in particular, by a code of ethics prescribed by the president, who ensures that its rules are observed (section 106).
Members and Staff
The Tribunal is currently composed of 13 members, namely, the President, the Honourable Ann-Marie Jones, as well as three judges of the Court of Québec and nine assessors. When a case is referred to the Tribunal, the President assigns a division composed of three members, that is, the judge presiding over the division and two assessors to assist the judge.
The Tribunal staff plans and organizes the hearings and provides the necessary legal and administrative assistance to the members in the exercise of their functions.
The honourable Ann-Marie Jones
Ms. Jones J. holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université du Québec à Montréal and a post-graduate certificate in international law from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. She was admitted to the Bar in 1980 and practised at the Centre communautaire juridique de Montréal and the Alarie Legault law firm until 1985. She then entered the Québec public service, where she successively worked as the Attorney General of Québec’s prosecutor, a member of the legal department of the ministère du Revenu and the Régie des alcools et des jeux, and a legal advisor for the Direction des services judiciaires de Montréal.
She volunteered in various ways for the legal community and community organizations. She was a member of Bar committees and of the Ligue des droits et libertés, where she undertook to defend the rights of inmates. In 1985, she was part of an interdepartmental working group created by the ministère de la Justice. At the time, she helped draft the report entitled “La condition des femmes détenues au Québec”.
In 1997, she was appointed as commissioner of the Commission des relations du travail. She exercised that function until she was appointed to the Court of Québec on September 5, 2001, after which she was assigned mainly to the Youth Division in the District of Montréal. On August 1, 2012, she was appointed to the position of associate coordinating judge for the Youth Division in the District of Montréal. She held that position until August 31, 2014. Since her appointment to the Court of Québec, Ms. Jones J. has participated in several Court committees. In addition, from 2010 to 2012, she was elected as representative to the judges in youth matters within the Conférence des juges du Québec.
The honourable Mario Gervais
Mr. Mario Gervais was appointed to the Human Rights Tribunal on June 8th, 2016. Mr. Gervais holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal. He was admitted to the Bar in 1983. He began his career as a lawyer for Legal Aid, Youth Division, in Longueuil. In 1990, he became director of that office and, in 1996, director of the Youth and Adults Criminal Divisions. Member of the Youth committee of the Commission des services juridiques, he presented with colleagues, memoirs in front of parliamentary committees of the National Assembly, the House of Commons and the Senate. In addition, Mr. Gervais presided the Youth committee of the Bar of Longueuil for ten years until 2007. In January 2007, Mr Gervais was appointed to the Court of Quebec, youth Division, in Longueuil.
The Honourable Magali Lewis
The Honourable Magali Lewis was appointed to the Human Rights Tribunal on June 8, 2016. With both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, Ms. Lewis was admitted to the Bar in November 1988. She initially worked for The Court Challenges Program and subsequently practiced law for several years at the firm Ménard & Martin, working principally in the domain of medical, dental and hospital liability. She then opened her own firm where she broadened her practice to include family law. In July 2000, Ms. Lewis moved to California and obtained a master’s degree in American law from the University of Santa Clara. Upon her return to Québec, she joined the firm Barrette & Associés where, in 2007, she added family mediation to her practice. Very involved in her community where she has served as president or vice-president of community organizations, Ms. Lewis was also member of the Comité sur l’arbitrage des comptes d’honorairesof theBarreau du Québec from December 2010 until her nomination to the Court of Québec on January 30, 2014.
The honourable Yvan Nolet
Yvan Nolet was admitted to the Bar in 1982. He has practised with private law firms, first in Montréal for seven years, then in Laval as of 1989. Following university studies in physical education, he obtained a law licence from the Université de Montréal. His experience and areas of expertise focus on civil, commercial and corporate law, as well as the real estate and construction sectors. He also acted as mediator and arbitrator in commercial litigation, and arbitrated disputes related to professional fees for the Barreau du Québec. From 1991 to 2000, he taught business law at the École du Barreau in Montréal. He volunteered in various ways for the legal community, community organizations and the business community. In particular, he worked with the Court of Québec committee on small claims from 1989 to 1996 and was the Bâtonnier of the Bar of Laval in 1998 and 1999. On September 29, 2011, he was appointed judge of the Court of Québec, where he sits in the Civil Division. At the time of his appointment, he was a partner in the Nolet Éthier law firm in Laval. He is currently working with the court’s committee on mental health. He was appointed as a member of the Human Rights Tribunal on January 29, 2014.
Mtre. Pierre Angers
Mtre. Pierre Angers was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 4, 2013. On the roll of the Ordre du Barreau du Québec since 1975, and a retired attorney since 2011, Mtre. Angers exercised the function of Secretary General of the Bureau de l’ombudsman de la Ville de Québec from its creation in 2004 until 2008. For over 20 years, he was the person responsible for access to documents held by public bodies and the protection of personal information. During his career, Mr. Angers participated in numerous committees tasked with drafting acts or regulations, in particular, the Court Bailiffs Act.
Mtre. Jean-François Boulais
Mtre. Jean-François Boulais was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on March 2, 2011. He has been a member of the Barreau du Québec since 1968 and holds a master’s degree in law from the University of Ottawa. For over 20 years, he published, through SOQUIJ, an annotated edition of the Youth Protection Act. From 1968 to 1979, he worked for legal aid and taught penal law as a lecturer at the Université de Montréal. In 1979, he joined the Commission de protection des droits de la jeunesse. Then, from 1995 to 2004, he joined the legal department of the Ministère de la Justice du Québec. At the time of the adoption of the Charter of human rights and freedoms and the reform of the Youth Protection Act, he worked closely with the Ligue des droits.
Ms. Judy Gold
Ms. Judy Gold was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on March 18, 2009. An ad hoc commissioner of the Office de consultation publique de Montréal since 2004 and of the Bureau d’audiences publiques sur l’environnement (BAPE) from 2003 to 2009, she sat as a commissioner or president on many public consultation commissions. In addition, she has been working for over 25 years in the areas of cultural diversity, social inclusion and community development. She has been a consultant since 2000 and was solicited by government bodies and non-government organizations concerning policies and programs related to diversity, immigration, public consultation, and social and community development.
Mtre. Luc Huppé
Mtre. Luc Huppé was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on April 29, 2009. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1984, he holds a master’s degree and a doctorate in law from the Université de Montréal. In 2000, he published a work entitled “Le régime juridique du pouvoir judiciaire”. In 2007, he published a second work entitled “Histoire des institutions judiciaires du Canada”. He practises law with a private firm and specializes in litigation. From 1995 to 1999, he was a lecturer at the Faculty of Law of the Université de Montréal and was responsible for the university’s participation in the Laskin Moot Court Competition.
Mtre. Carolina Manganelli
Mtre Carolina Manganelli was appointed as an Assessor to the Tribunal on March 30, 2016. She was admitted to the Barreau du Québec in 2005. In addition to her civil law and common law degrees from McGill University, she obtained a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology with a minor in Canadian Ethnic Studies from McGill University, as well as a Masters in Law in Human Rights Law from University College London in the United Kingdom. She worked with the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe as well as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Upon her return to Canada she founded her own firm, thereafter pursuing her career in Aboriginal law with the Department of Justice Canada as well as with a private firm in Montreal. Before her nomination to the Tribunal, Me Manganelli was a Member of the Immigration and Refugee Board, Refugee Protection Division, where she presided over hearings and ruled on claims for refugee protection.
Mtre. Sabine Michaud
Mtre. Sabine Michaud was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 4, 2013. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1993, she practised criminal law for close to 10 years, then went to Africa from 2002 to 2010 to work in the fields of justice between men and women and of violence against women and girls. She had the opportunity to host several workshops and give a number of lectures on those themes. Mtre. Michaud holds a bachelor’s degree in criminology and has work experience in the field of psychosocial intervention with people in difficulty. She currently works for the International Bureau for Children’s Rights as project manager for the Côte d’Ivoire.
Mtre. Claudine Ouellet
Mtre. Claudine Ouellet was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on April 29, 2009. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1988, she first worked as a criminal lawyer, then became specialized in human rights. Mtre. Ouellet exercised the function of general director of the Gay and Lesbian Coalition of Quebec from 1998 to April 2003. From 2000 to 2003, she was a member of the board of directors of the International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) and was in charge of relations with the United Nations (UN) as head of mission. Mtre. Ouellet holds an honours degree in law (1987) and a certificate in sociology (1986) from Université Laval. From 2008 to 2010, she was a member of the interdepartmental ethics committee of Université Laval, where she sat as a jurist.
Mtre. Marie Pepin
Mtre. Marie Pepin was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 4, 2013. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1994, she also holds an honours degree in industrial relations from the Université de Montréal. For over 25 years, she worked in the field of labour relations for the Confédération des syndicats nationaux. More specifically, she looked into women’s working conditions and child labour throughout the world. She also participated in international missions regarding the rights of workers in developing countries. She is currently in private practice and associated with a firm that specializes in social law.
Mtre. Mélanie Samson
Mtre. Mélanie Samson was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on March 2, 2011. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 2005, Mtre. Samson is a professor at the Faculty of Law of Université Laval, where she teaches human rights and freedoms and statutory construction. She regularly gives lectures on those topics. Several of the texts she wrote were published in specialized law journals. Mtre. Samson obtained many bursaries and honours while studying for her bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and doctorate in law. In particular, she ranked first on the Honour Roll of the faculty of law of Université Laval for the 2003-2004 academic year.
Mtre. Isabelle Gauthier
Mtre. Isabelle Gauthier has been acting as an attorney for the Tribunal since September 10, 2012. Previously, she had held the position of legal research officer since April 2009. She has been a member of the Barreau du Québec since 1995 and holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, as well as a master's degree in comparative law with a major in bioethics from McGill University. She worked as an attorney and bioethicist in the health and social services network and acted as a member of clinical and research ethics committees. She then worked for seven years as a litigation attorney in matters of medical and hospital liability, and in matters of human rights with a private law firm.
Mtre. Frédérick J. Doucet
Mtre. Frederick J. Doucet has been acting as an attorney for the Tribunal since June 17th, 2013. He was an articled student of the École du Barreau at the Tribunal from September 2012 to March 2013. He holds a Bachelor’s of Law degree, a Juris Doctor and a Master’s degree in Common Law and Transnational Law from the Université de Sherbrooke, as well as a Master 2 Research in Human Rights from the Université Lumière Lyon 2. Mtre Doucet is currently pursuing his Doctorate of Law at the Université de Montréal, for which he receives a scholarship from the Fonds de recherché du Québec – Société et culture (FRQSC). His doctoral thesis is focused on the recognition of professional qualifications of professionals trained abroad, examined through the lens of the right to equality, as guaranteed by the Quebec Charter. Mtre Doucet also worked as a lecturer at the Université de Sherbrooke, where he taugh Law Theory as well as the methodology of writing an essay.
Ms. Mirma Doane Saint-Julien
Ms. Mirma Doane Saint-Julien, an attorney by training, has been a law research officer for the Tribunal since August 7, 2012. She previously held the position of clerk of the Tribunal. In the past, she has been, among other things, a support officer for corporate affairs and compliance at the Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec, and an administrative reviewer at the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité au travail (CSST). She holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal. She is currently pursuing a master’s degree in dispute prevention and resolution at the University of Sherbrooke.
Ms. Jessica Desjardins
Ms. Jessica Desjardins works at the Human Rights Tribunal since May 2016 as a law student. She holds a paralegal degree from Ahuntsic College and a certificate in Social Law from the University of Quebec in Montreal. She is currently a law student at the University of Quebec in Montreal. Previously, Ms. Desjardins held a paralegal position at the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST). She subsequently worked as a court clerk at the Court of Quebec Youth Division from July 2013 to February 2015 and at the Criminal and Penal Division from February 2015 to May 2016.
Mr. Mathieu Harnois-Blouin
Mr. Mathieu Harnois-Blouin is an articling student of the École du Barreau at the Tribunal since February 2017. He holds a bachelor of laws from the University of Montréal and a master’s degree in comparative politics from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Prior to his articling, he worked as a research auxiliary in constitutional law for professor Danielle Pinard, as a student clerk in various law firms, and as a community worker for organizations in charge of resettling newcomers in Québec.
Ms. Jennifer Nguyen
Ms. Jennifer Nguyen has been acting as clerk of the Tribunal since October 13, 2015. She holds a diploma of college studies in social science from Dawson College, with a concentration in law, society and justice. She is currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in public management at the Université du Québec à Montréal. Ms. Nguyen held the position of office clerk at the Montréal Civil Registry from May 2013 to December 2014. She subsequently worked for the Direction des registres et de la certification as a law clerk. In her capacity as clerk of the Tribunal, Ms. Nguyen manages the office and is responsible for the hearing roll, under the authority of the President. She is also responsible for coordination between the parties’ attorneys and the members of the Tribunal.
Ms. Line Morin
Ms. Line Morin has been acting as principal secretary for the Human Rights Tribunal and assisting the President in her administrative functions since March 29, 2016. She is also the resource person for all matters related to the general secretariat of the Tribunal. Ms. Morin has extensive experience in secretarial work, having held operational positions and been an executive assistant at the ministère de la Justice since 1988. From 2001 to 2016, she assisted the Honourable François Marchand in his duties as judge and treasurer of the Conférence des juges du Québec.