The Human Rights Tribunal consists of at least seven members appointed by the government, namely a president chosen from among the judges of the Court of Québec and six assessors. The term of office of the president and of the assessors is five years, and is renewable (section 101). The Government may designate other judges from that court to sit as members of the Tribunal either to hear and decide an application or for a determined period (section 103). All members, judges and assessors, are chosen for their notable experience and expertise in, sensitivity to and interest for matters of human rights and freedoms.
MEMBERS AND STAFF
The Tribunal is currently composed of 14 members, namely, the President, the Honourable Ann-Marie Jones, as well as three judges of the Court of Québec and ten assessors. When a case is referred to the Tribunal, the President assigns a division composed of three members, that is, the judge presiding over the division and two assessors to assist the judge.
The Tribunal staff plans and organizes the hearings and provides the necessary legal and administrative assistance to the members in the exercise of their functions.
The honourable Ann-Marie Jones
Ms. Jones J. holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université du Québec à Montréal and a post-graduate certificate in international law from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. She was admitted to the Bar in 1980 and practised at the Centre communautaire juridique de Montréal and the Alarie Legault law firm until 1985. She then entered the Québec public service, where she successively worked as the Attorney General of Québec’s prosecutor, a member of the legal department of the ministère du Revenu and the Régie des alcools et des jeux, and a legal advisor for the Direction des services judiciaires de Montréal.
She volunteered in various ways for the legal community and community organizations. She was a member of Bar committees and of the Ligue des droits et libertés, where she undertook to defend the rights of inmates. In 1985, she was part of an interdepartmental working group created by the ministère de la Justice. At the time, she helped draft the report entitled “La condition des femmes détenues au Québec”.
In 1997, she was appointed as commissioner of the Commission des relations du travail. She exercised that function until she was appointed to the Court of Québec on September 5, 2001, after which she was assigned mainly to the Youth Division in the District of Montréal. On August 1, 2012, she was appointed to the position of associate coordinating judge for the Youth Division in the District of Montréal. She held that position until August 31, 2014. Since her appointment to the Court of Québec, Ms. Jones J. has participated in several Court committees. In addition, from 2010 to 2012, she was elected as representative to the judges in youth matters within the Conférence des juges du Québec.
The honourable Mario Gervais
Mr. Mario Gervais was appointed to the Human Rights Tribunal on June 8th, 2016. Mr. Gervais holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal. He was admitted to the Bar in 1983. He began his career as a lawyer for Legal Aid, Youth Division, in Longueuil. In 1990, he became director of that office and, in 1996, director of the Youth and Adults Criminal Divisions. Member of the Youth committee of the Commission des services juridiques, he presented with colleagues, memoirs in front of parliamentary committees of the National Assembly, the House of Commons and the Senate. In addition, Mr. Gervais presided the Youth committee of the Bar of Longueuil for ten years until 2007. In January 2007, Mr Gervais was appointed to the Court of Quebec, youth Division, in Longueuil.
The honourable Magali Lewis
The Honourable Magali Lewis was appointed to the Human Rights Tribunal on June 8, 2016. With both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, Ms. Lewis was admitted to the Bar in November 1988. She initially worked for The Court Challenges Program and subsequently practiced law for several years at the firm Ménard & Martin, working principally in the domain of medical, dental and hospital liability. She then opened her own firm where she broadened her practice to include family law. In July 2000, Ms. Lewis moved to California and obtained a master’s degree in American law from the University of Santa Clara. Upon her return to Québec, she joined the firm Barrette & Associés where, in 2007, she added family mediation to her practice. Very involved in her community where she has served as president or vice-president of community organizations, Ms. Lewis was also member of the Comité sur l’arbitrage des comptes d’honorairesof theBarreau du Québec from December 2010 until her nomination to the Court of Québec on January 30, 2014.
The honourable Doris Thibault
The honourable Doris Thibault was appointed to the Human Rights Tribunal on November 1st, 2017. She holds a bachelor’s degree in law from Université Laval and was admitted to the Bar in 1982. She practiced family law in different private firms in Chicoutimi.
From 1987 to 1991, Ms. Thibault taught family law at the Collège de Jonquière. She is the author of an article published in Développements récents en droit familial 2000 and her comments on judgements from the Superior Court were published on Éditions Yvon Blais’ « Droit civil en ligne ».
Very much involved in her community, Ms. Thibault was Bâtonnière of the Bar of Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean in 1997. She was also member of several administration coucils, including the Comité de la protection de l'enfance et de la jeunesse du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, Crime Victims Assistance Centre (CAVAC), Centre des services sociaux du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean and Accès-travail femmes, as well as president of the administration council of Centre féminin.
At the time of her appointment to the Court of Québec, on January 15, 2008, she was a partner at Simar Boivin Lemieux law firm, in Chicoutimi. Since her appointment, she has participated in several Court committees, including the Comité conseil en matière jeunesse and the Comité sur la modification de la Loi sur l'adoption. From 2013 to 2017, she was on the organizing Committee of the Séminaire de rédaction de jugements and acted as president of the Conférence des juges de la Cour du Québec from 2014 to 2016.
Mtre. Pierre Arguin
Mtre. Pierre Arguin was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on August 1st, 2018. He holds both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in Law from the Université de Montréal. He also holds a master’s degree in political science from the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), as well as a post-graduate diploma in public management from the École nationale d’administration publique (ÉNAP). Admitted to the Bar of Québec in 1983, he first practiced labour law at the Commission des normes du travail (CNT) and, in 1988, at the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST). In 2000, he joined the legal department of the Ministry of Justice of the Government of Quebec, where he practiced mostly constitutional and administrative law. In 2011, he was appointed Commissioner at the Commission des lésions professionnelles, and in 2016, member of the Tribunal administratif du travail and served as administrative judge until March 2017. He is also the author and co-author of many articles, published in various law journals, and of some versions of the Loi (annotée) sur les accidents du travail et les maladies professionnelles.
Mtre. Djénane Boulad
Mtre Djénane Boulad was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on January 9, 2018. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1986, and retired attorney since 2017, she holds a master’s degree (DESS) in Public International Law (Administration Internationale) from the Paris II Panthéon-Sorbonne University, in France. She has practised law as legal and legislative counsel at the House of Commons. Sha was also counsel to members of the Immigration and Refugee Board, as a refugee protection officer, and subsequently was Minister’s counsel to the Board. Following an assignment with the Canadian Human Rights Commission as a human rights officer, she served for 10 years at the Competition Bureau as a competition law officer in charge of major fraud and misleading telemarketing investigations.
Mtre. Jacqueline Corado
Mtre Jacqueline Corado was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 27, 2017. She was called to the Quebec Bar in 2005 and has since the beginning of her law career practiced in the fields of litigation and administrative law both in the municipal and federal public service as well as the private sector. She has been a presenter in numerous workshops and conferences in her fields of practice. In 2015, she joined the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada (TATC) where she is currently the General Counsel and is in charge, among other things, of the revamping in training for new Members and the professional development for the existing adjudicators at the TATC.
Mtre. Pierre Deschamps
Mtre. Pierre Deschamps was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on July 3, 2018. He graduated in Law from McGill University in 1975 after obtaining a degree in Religious Studies from the Université de Montréal in 1972. He has been a member of the Québec Bar since 1976. He was a member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal for ten years and Research Director at McGill University's Research Centre in Private and Comparative Law for more than 15 years. During those years, he also held an appointment as Adjunct Professor in the University's Faculty of Law, where he taught human rights law and civil liability. In 2000, Mr. Deschamps was made a member of the Order of Canada for his volunteer work. In 2013, he received the title of Lawyer Emeritus from the Québec Bar. In 2015, he was appointed to the Québec End of Life Care Commission.
Mtre. Carolina Manganelli
Mtre Carolina Manganelli was appointed as an Assessor to the Tribunal on March 30, 2016. She was admitted to the Barreau du Québec in 2005. In addition to her civil law and common law degrees from McGill University, she obtained a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology with a minor in Canadian Ethnic Studies from McGill University, as well as a Masters in Law in Human Rights Law from University College London in the United Kingdom. She worked with the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe as well as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Upon her return to Canada she founded her own firm, thereafter pursuing her career in Aboriginal law with the Department of Justice Canada as well as with a private firm in Montreal. Before her nomination to the Tribunal, Me Manganelli was a Member of the Immigration and Refugee Board, Refugee Protection Division, where she presided over hearings and ruled on claims for refugee protection.
Mtre. Sabine Michaud
Mtre. Sabine Michaud was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 4, 2013. Member of the Barreau du Québec since 1993, she also holds a bachelor’s degree in criminology, and a certificate in addiction intervention. She worked in the field of psychosocial intervention with people in difficulty, before practicing criminal law. From 2002 to 2010, Mtre. Michaud worked in Africa with local organisations in the field of human rights. In that context, she had the opportunity to host several workshops and give a number of lectures on the topic of Justice between men and women and of violence against women at the headquarters of Oxfam-Quebec. In 2013, she joined the International Bureau for Children’s Rights, where she became project manager for the Côte d’Ivoire. Since September 2018, she works as a judicial council for Lawyers Without Borders.
Mtre Marie-Josée Paiement
Mtre Marie-Josée Paiement was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on January 16, 2019. She holds a Bachelor of Arts from the Department of Applied Human Sciences of Concordia University as well as a Bachelor’s degree in Law from the Université de Sherbrooke. She is admitted to the Bar of Quebec in 1987. Since then, she has been practicing mainly as a prosecutor for the Director of Youth Protection of Batshaw Youth and Family Centres in matters of youth law. She was a member of the Committee in youth law for the Bar from 2007 to 2016 and she has worked for the Barreau du Québec from 2014 to 2015 as a lawyer for the Research and legislation department. In addition, she lectured in social law and in civil law for college level courses from 1991 to 2003.
.Mtre. Marie Pepin
Mtre. Marie Pepin was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on September 4, 2013. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 1994, she also holds an honours degree in industrial relations from the Université de Montréal. For over 25 years, she worked in the field of labour relations for the Confédération des syndicats nationaux. More specifically, she looked into women’s working conditions and child labour throughout the world. She also participated in international missions regarding the rights of workers in developing countries. She is currently in private practice and associated with a firm that specializes in social law.
Mtre. Daniel Proulx
Daniel Proulx was appointed assessor to the Tribunal on March 20, 2019. He was a Faculty member of the University of Ottawa Law School for 24 years, from 1980 to 2014. He is currently a law professor at the University of Sherbrooke and in 2004 was appointed Dean of the Faculty of Law for a seven year term. He is an expert in constitutional law and has published extensively in the field of human rights, especially equality rights and prevention of discrimination. Professor Proulx has also been a member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (1989-1997) and co-editor of the Canadian Human Rights Yearbook (1985-1990).
Mtre. Mélanie Samson
Mtre. Mélanie Samson was appointed as an assessor with the Tribunal on March 2, 2011. A member of the Barreau du Québec since 2005, Mtre. Samson is a professor at the Faculty of Law of Université Laval and the co-holder of the Chaire de rédaction juridique Louis-Philippe-Pigeon. Her main fields of research and teaching are human rights and methodology of law. She regularly gives lectures on those topics. Several of the texts she wrote were published in specialized law journals in Canada, the United States and Europe. Her doctoral thesis was published by Éditions Yvon Blais in 2013, under the title Les interactions de la Charte des droits et libertés de la personne avec le Code civil du Québec : une harmonie à concrétiser. Mtre. Samson obtained many bursaries and honours while studying for her bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and doctorate in law, including the Prix Minerve and the Prix Henri Capitant which are awarded for the best Masters’ thesis in Law.
Mtre. Isabelle Gauthier
Mtre. Isabelle Gauthier has been acting as an attorney for the Tribunal since September 10, 2012. Previously, she had held the position of legal research officer since April 2009. She has been a member of the Barreau du Québec since 1995 and holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal, as well as a master's degree in comparative law with a major in bioethics from McGill University. She worked as an attorney and bioethicist in the health and social services network and acted as a member of clinical and research ethics committees. She then worked for seven years as a litigation attorney in matters of medical and hospital liability, and in matters of human rights with a private law firm.
Mtre. Frédérick J. Doucet
Mtre. Frederick J. Doucet has been acting as an attorney for the Tribunal since June 17th, 2013. He was an articled student of the École du Barreau at the Tribunal from September 2012 to March 2013. He holds a Bachelor’s of Law degree, a Juris Doctor and a Master’s degree in Common Law and Transnational Law from the Université de Sherbrooke, as well as a Master 2 Research in Human Rights from the Université Lumière Lyon 2. Mtre Doucet is currently pursuing his Doctorate of Law at the Université de Montréal, for which he receives a scholarship from the Fonds de recherché du Québec – Société et culture (FRQSC). His doctoral thesis is focused on the recognition of professional qualifications of professionals trained abroad, examined through the lens of the right to equality, as guaranteed by the Quebec Charter. Mtre Doucet also worked as a lecturer at the Université de Sherbrooke, where he taugh Law Theory as well as the methodology of writing an essay, and is well-implicated at the Young Bar of Montreal and the Canadian Bar Association.
Ms. Mirma Doane Saint-Julien
Ms. Mirma Doane Saint-Julien, an attorney by training, has been a law research officer for the Tribunal since August 7, 2012. She previously held the position of clerk of the Tribunal. In the past, she has been, among other things, a support officer for corporate affairs and compliance at the Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec, and an administrative reviewer at the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité au travail (CSST). She holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the Université de Montréal. She is currently pursuing a master’s degree in dispute prevention and resolution at the University of Sherbrooke.
Ms. Aurélie Mont-Reynaud
Ms. Aurélie Mont-Reynaud acts at the Tribunal as an articling student of the École du Barreau since February 2019. She obtained a bachelor’s degree in law from the University of Sherbrooke in 2016. She first completed a master’s degree in common law and transnational law at the same university, during which she worked as an intern for UNHCR in Geneva, at the division of international protection. In 2018, she obtained a second master’s degree in applied international law and politics, during which her team won the Charles Rousseau Moot Court Competition in international Public Law, for which she did an internship at the International Bureau of Children’s Rights in Montreal. Her areas of interest include human rights, international law and refugee law.
Ms. Jennifer Nguyen
Ms. Jennifer Nguyen has been acting as clerk of the Tribunal since October 13, 2015. She holds a diploma in social science from Dawson College, with a concentration in law, society and justice. She is currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in public management at the Université du Québec à Montréal. Ms. Nguyen held the position of office clerk at the Montréal Civil Registry from May 2013 to December 2014. She subsequently worked for the Direction des registres et de la certification as a law clerk. In her capacity as clerk of the Tribunal, Ms. Nguyen manages the office and is responsible for the hearing roll, under the authority of the President. She is also responsible for coordination between the parties’ attorneys and the members of the Tribunal.
Ms. Line Morin
Ms. Line Morin has been acting as principal secretary for the Human Rights Tribunal and assisting the President in her administrative functions since March 29, 2016. She is also the resource person for all matters related to the general secretariat of the Tribunal. Ms. Morin has extensive experience in secretarial work, having held operational positions and been an executive assistant at the ministère de la Justice since 1988. From 2001 to 2016, she assisted the Honourable François Marchand in his duties as judge and treasurer of the Conférence des juges du Québec.
Ms Florence Lemire Jeune
Ms. Florence Lemire Jeune has been acting as a paralegal at the Tribunal since May 8, 2018. She holds a diploma in Paralegal Technology from Ahuntsic College and a certificate in criminology from Université de Montréal. She is currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in law at Université du Québec à Montréal. She has been working for the Ministry of Justice since January 2015.